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HEBREW WORD STUDY – NEW THING – CHADESH ח דשׁ

HEBREW WORD STUDY – NEW THING – CHADESH ח דשׁ Isaiah 52:4: “Behold the former things have come to pass and new things do I declare, before they spring forth I tell you of them.”In the literal meaning, Isaiah, who is speaking God’s words, is saying that now that His prophecies of the past have come to true, then what he is about to say should also come to pass. This is God speaking through Isaiah and He is saying something a little odd, that He will declare the new things, but before they actually come to pass he will tell us about them. They may sound a little contradictory. If he is going to declare the new things isn’t that the same as telling us of the new things.?The word declare is negad and means to tell or speak out in clear and straightforward terms. The word is in a Hiphil participle form, so he is presently declaring a new thing and he is making it very clear as to what this new thing will be. The new thing is chadesh which means to restore, and renew. It is from an Akkadian word edesu for a city that was devastated by war until the Assyrians came in and rebuilt it and modeled it after their own culture. The fact that this word is in a Hiphil form suggest an excitement or anticipation on the part of God to restore us to His specifications. In this context God is restoring the former things to fit his plan and purpose, particularly in a new relationship with Him, There is a picture being drawn here and it is a picture of a bridegroom anticipating the fulfillment of his relationship with his bride. Just as the bridegroom proposes or accepts the arrangement of marriage with his bride, he declares “I am taking a bride.” He makes it clear and plans for everyone. Everyone celebrates and preparations for the wedding begin. The remaining chapter goes into detail about this new thing that God is going to do or the wedding plans and events that will unfold before the wedding actually takes place. Yet, it can all be summarized into the idea of God restoring chadeshhis relationship with man. 

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